Posts Tagged ‘interoperability’

Cross Border Privacy Rules Advance at Beijing Meetings

APEC’s Data Privacy Subgroup concluded its 2014 meetings in Beijing, China earlier this week.   The Future of Privacy Forum participated in these meetings as a member of the U.S. delegation.  The biggest development of the week was Canada’s submission of its Notice of Intent to participate in the Cross Border Privacy Rules (CBPR) system.  After a favorable determination by the APEC’s Joint Oversight Panel, Canada will become the fourth country to join the system, along with the United States, Mexico and Japan.   In addition, TRUSTe, an APEC-approved Accountability Agent, announced that 14 companies are in the process of seeking certification.  Taken together, these developments, along with Mexico’s recent steps toward interoperability have provided promising momentum in the establishment of an international privacy framework.

Still much work remains before the true potential of the system can be fully realized.  In July, FPF hosted officials from Privacy Thailand, a University-based consortium that advises the Thai Prime Minister’s office on data privacy and security issues.  During their week-long visit, FPF and Privacy Thailand met with representatives from the Department of Commerce, the Federal Trade Commission and the U.S. Department of State to consider Thailand’s accession to the system.   FPF will continue work with interested APEC members to provide capacity building assistance.

On August 8, APEC Economies and representatives from the EU’s Article 29 Working Party met to discuss next steps on the jointly developed Common Referential.  This document identifies points of commonality between the CBPR system and the EU’s system of Binding Corporate Rules (BCRs).  APEC members agreed to take this work forward by developing case studies that demonstrate the practical interoperability of these two systems and a checklist outlining the combined obligations for a company seeking certification under both.

On August 10, APEC Economies agreed to establish a working group to consider the applicability of the APEC Privacy Framework to Big Data.  This group will consider, among other things, appropriate administrative and policy safeguards when de-identifying personal information.  FPF plans to participate in this working group.

Participants continued the development of a CBPR certification system for data processors.   In July, FPF hosted a meeting of this working group to develop the program requirements under this certification.  Completion of this project is expected in advance of the next APEC Data Privacy Subgroup meetings in Clark, Philippines in January, 2015.

Mexico Takes Step Toward Data Privacy Interoperability

Last week, the Mexican Institute for Federal Access to Information (IFAI) hosted an event in Mexico City to discuss the recently-announced “Parameters of Self-Regulation for the Protection of Personal Data.”  FPF participated in this workshop along with representatives from the Mexican government, TRUSTe, EuroPriSe and the Better Business Bureau.

As described in opening remarks by the Secretary for Data Protection, under the new regulation, IFAI now has the authority to recognize codes of conduct for data protection and has developed a process through which an organization can be recognized as a certifying body for these codes.  Under the new regulation, the Mexican Accreditation Agency will make a determination on applicant organizations against a set recognition criteria.  Successful applicants will then receive formal recognition as certifying entities from the Ministry of the Economy.

This approach mirrors the process developed as part of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation’s (APEC) Cross Border Privacy Rules (CBPR) system in several key ways.  First, the certifying organizations contemplated under this approach serve the same function as “Accountability Agents” under the CBPR system.  In addition, both approaches require a formal recognition based on established criteria.  And second, the standards to which these organizations will be certifying companies are both keyed to Mexico’s Federal Law on the Protection of Personal Information  (the legal basis for Mexico’s participation in the CBPR system).  Given these parallels in both process and substance, a company that receives CBPR certification in Mexico should also be able to attain recognition under this approach.  But perhaps most importantly, CBPR certification should allow a company to avail itself of the incentives offered under Mexican law.

Article 68 of the implementing regulations of the privacy law encourages the development of self-regulatory frameworks and states that participation in a recognized framework (such as the CBPR system) will be taken into account in order to determine any reduction in sanctions determined by IFAI in the event of a violation of the privacy law.

What makes this development so critical to global interoperability is that it serves as a model for other APEC member economies to consider how an enforceable code of conduct based on an international standard can be successfully incorporated into a legal regime – including extending express benefits to certified companies.  It remains to be seen how other APEC economies  will manage this task – but Mexico’s approach offers a promising start.

-Josh Harris, Policy Director 

Privacy Calendar

Oct
29
Wed
4:00 pm Big Data and Privacy: Navigating... @ Schulze Hall
Big Data and Privacy: Navigating... @ Schulze Hall
Oct 29 @ 4:00 pm – 7:00 pm
The rapid emergence of “big data” has created many benefits and risks for businesses today. As data is collected, stored, analyzed, and deployed for various business purposes, it is particularly important to develop responsible data[...]
Oct
30
Thu
9:00 am The Privacy Act @40: A Celebrati... @ Georgetown Law
The Privacy Act @40: A Celebrati... @ Georgetown Law
Oct 30 @ 9:00 am – 5:30 pm
The Privacy Act @40 A Celebration and Appraisal on the 40th Anniversary of the Privacy Act and the 1974 Amendments to the Freedom of Information Act October 30, 2014 Agenda 9 – 9:15 a.m. Welcome[...]
Nov
7
Fri
all-day George Washington Law Review 201... @ George Washington University Law School
George Washington Law Review 201... @ George Washington University Law School
Nov 7 – Nov 8 all-day
Save the date for the GW Law Review‘s Annual Symposium, The FTC at 100: Centennial Commemorations and Proposals for Progress, which will be held on Saturday, November 8, 2014, in Washington, DC. This year’s symposium, hosted in[...]
Nov
11
Tue
10:15 am You Are Here: GPS Location Track... @ Mauna Lani Bay Hotel & Bungalows
You Are Here: GPS Location Track... @ Mauna Lani Bay Hotel & Bungalows
Nov 11 @ 10:15 am
EFF Staff Attorney Hanni Fakhoury will present twice at the Oregon Criminal Defense Lawyers Association’s Annual Sunny Climate Seminar. He will give a presentation on government location tracking issues and then participate in a panel[...]
Nov
12
Wed
all-day PCLOB Public Meeting on “Definin... @ Washington Marriott Hotel
PCLOB Public Meeting on “Definin... @ Washington Marriott Hotel
Nov 12 all-day
The Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board will conduct a public meeting with industry representatives, academics, technologists, government personnel, and members of the advocacy community, on the topic: “Defining Privacy.”   While the Board will[...]
Nov
20
Thu
all-day W3C Workshop on Privacy and User... @ Berlin, Germany
W3C Workshop on Privacy and User... @ Berlin, Germany
Nov 20 – Nov 21 all-day
The Workshop on User Centric App Controls intents to further the discussion among stakeholders of the mobile web platform, including researchers, developers and service providers. This workshop serves to investigate strategies toward better privacy protection[...]
Dec
2
Tue
all-day IAPP Practical Privacy Series 2014
IAPP Practical Privacy Series 2014
Dec 2 – Dec 3 all-day
Government and FTC and Consumer Privacy return to Washington, DC. For more information, click here.

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