Encryption, Lawful Access, and Globalization
This project addresses key issues of privacy and security on the global Internet. The project will formally launch in early 2012.
- Encryption. The first goal is to provide intellectual leadership on encryption as that topic becomes a major area of controversy globally in countries including India and China. Encryption was the single biggest privacy issue in the 1990s. There has been very little policy analysis of the topic since that time. Now, as major countries implement limits on effective encryption, it is important to inform a new generation of policymakers and technologists about reasons to support effective encryption.
- Lawful access. As an alternative or complement to limitations on encryption, law enforcement and national security agencies can seek lawful access to communications and stored data. In the United States, the FBI has called for updates to CALEA, the 1994 statute that requires telecommunications providers to architect their systems to enable wiretaps. In the United States and globally, agencies are increasingly seeking lawful access to cloud service providers and other databases. The Project will consider the costs and benefits of the multiple ways that government agencies may seek to affect system architecture and otherwise gain access to communications and stored records.
Peter Swire is Director of the Project, and a Senior Fellow of the Future of Privacy Forum. He is the C. William O’Neill Professor of Law at the Moritz College of Law of the Ohio State University, and a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress and Center for Democracy and Technology.
Swire has written extensively on privacy and cybersecurity topics. His writing, speeches, and other materials are available here.
Recent Publications by Peter Swire on Encryption and Lawful Access:
- “From Real-Time Intercepts to Stored Records: Why Encryption Drives the Government to Seek Access to the Cloud” (2012).
- “A Reasonableness Approach to Searches After the Jones GPS Tracking Case,” 64 Stan. L. Rev. Online 57 (2012).
- Swire & Ahmad, “Encryption and Globalization,” Columbia Science and Technology Law Review (forthcoming 2012)
- “‘Going Dark’ Versus ‘A Golden Age for Surveillance,” Center For Democracy and Technology, November 28, 2011 (with Kenesa Ahmad).
- “Avoiding voicemail hacking in the US,” thehill.com, Jul. 26, 2011 (with Christopher Soghoian).